Originally Posted by HiJazzey
Thanks for the info, greenlion
Did China have an Enterprise league before going pro? (eg. Railway workers v Police etc...)
before 1980, the clubs in China National League was ownd by the local Physical Culture and Sports Committee, Sports institutes,and Army sports units, those factory owned clubs was not allowed to participate in the National league, for example, there was a famouse factory club called Dalian Dockyard, which was found in 1946, could only play rigional tournaments or the national Workers Championship etc,in 1980,CFA allows foctory clubs to play national Leagues,Dalian Dockyard entered National League in 1981, then in 1983, Dalian football club founded, that is the current Dalian Shide, based on dalian dockyard.
in the middle of 1980s', CFA encourage factories and companies to sponsor those government-owned clubs,in 1984, Guangdong, Beijing,,Guangzhou and Beijing sponsored by big companies for the first time!, CCTV satrted to show Domestic league to the whole country, according to some asrticles, the match between Beijing Snowflakes and Guangdong Wanbao was really exciting, more and more clubs started their way to became a semi-pro club, in 1988, Liaoning turned to be China's first professional club, Liaoning was one of Asian's best club at that time, 1990 ACC Champions, 1991 runner-ups, 1987 third place.
in 1987, CFA tried to find a way to found a semi-pro league, that season National League division 1 signed it's first sponsor contract, Goldlion became first main sponsor of China football league.gradually more and more fans bought tickets to watch football leagues.
in 1987 the National League Division 1 was devided into two levels- Jia-A(8 teams) and Jia-B(12 teams), CFA never admit there was a semi-pro league before 1993, because of the restrict by some laws, the enterprises could only cooperate with the government in club managements. so actually we could consider it as a enterprise league though not so accurate to describe the league.
the 8 teams in 1987 Jia-A are:
Liaoning Dongyao - Now Liaoning FC, became professional team in 1988
Tianjing Seagull - Now Tianjin Teda, became pro club in 1995
Shanghai Shenzhou - Name changed to Shanghai Shenhua in 1991 and became pro clubs in 1993
Shandong - Now Shandong Luneng Taishan, became pro-club in 1993
Beijing Snowflakes - Name Changed to beijing Guo'an in 1992 and became pro-clubs
Guangzhou Baiyunshan - Now Guangzhou Rizhiquan, became professional club in 1992
Hubei Energy - Now Wuhan Dragon Huanghelou, became professional club in 1994
in the early 1990s, CFA allows enterprises to purchase football clubs and manage them, whether they are state-owned enterprises or private-owned companies, Dalian Hualu - the former Dalian Dockyard, was bought by a private-owned copany, Name changed to Dalian Wanda and became a professional club in 1993.
in 1992, CFA made a important decision - The China professional league will be started in 1994, the forced all the Jia-A clubs set up professional system before 1994, and for Jia-B clubs, they must realize professional structural reform before 1995. after that CFA hold a semi-pro football champions league in 1993, and finally, in 1994, first ever professional leagues in China football history started.