Probably Galloping Major can tell you all about that
I sure can Andor, thanks for the introduction. Pali Bacsi
, before I tell you what the Turks introduced or what "Turkish influences" are in Hungary, let me preface all by staying that the Turkish occupation of one-third of Royal Hungary left a wake of innumerable devestation, de-polulation, and Muslim slavery. Hungarian slaves and babies were highly valued in the Turkish martial arts and policy to be indoctrinated in their elite jannissary corps - which formed the sword and shield of the Ottoman Empire.
The Turks only managed to conquer only one third of Hungary, Rennaissance Hungary was too powerful even for the Ottomans to wholly conquer, the Ottomans launched fifty ground campaigns against Hungary but the Turks weren't strong enough to subdue the kingdom. The prudent Magyars constructed more fotresses and castles after the Mongol invasion of 1241 than any other European nation, this powerful defensive ring of fortresses helped keep Hungarian Transylvania and Royal Hungary sovereign from Turkish control.
The Turkish minimal influences on Hungary are: coffee
famous Hungarian paprika
Roman / Turkish bathing culture
When the glorious civilizing Romans built a major military encampment in Buda complete with a major military amphetheater, the city we know as Budapest was already famous for gushing theraputic mineral waters among Roman colonists, traders, the bourgoise, patricians and legionarries. When the Hungarians entered the scene, they succeeded the Romans and founded a marvelous spot for their capital of Buda on ex-Roman ground, the Turks soon found out how great of a landing spot this was and erected three Turkish 16th century baths that are still in operation today.
Budapest and Hungarians inherited both the Roman and Turkish bathing culture. Here's a picture of Budapest's Kiraly Baths (Royal Baths) originally built in 1565:
Here is Budapest's majestic Rudas Baths originally built in 1550 by the order of the Sultan:
For me personally, the most prominent Turkish moment in Hungary is the tomb of Gül Baba in Budapest's high end elitist pricy neighborbood of Rosadomb (Rose Hill), basically in the Hamptons of Budapest.
Gül Baba was a peace loving humanist 16th century Turkish poet and dervish in the retinue of Sulieman the Magnificent (who was half Hungarian by the way) who introduced roses to Hungary and called the "Father of Roses". Gül Baba respected the God of the Hungarians. In 1885, the Ottoman government commissioned a Hungarian engineer to restore the tomb and, when work was completed in 1914 it was declared a national monument. It is now the property of the Republic of Turkey.
Gül Baba is one of a few Turks I'll respect. I like the Hungarian Christian generalissimo John Hunyadi and his son King Matthias Corvinus:
King Corvinus's invincible mercenary Bohemian-Saxon-Hungarian army called the Black Host
- that never lost a major battle - and Sulieman the Magnificent's fabulous Turkish army should have clashed. Hungary was so very powerful with Matthias Corvinus at the helm the Ottomans would surely have been dismantled.
To attest the Black Host's strenght, in 1479 this professional legion was sent into battle against 40,000 battle-hardened Turks in Transylvania, and after three hours of the fiercest fighting on record in Transylvanian and central European history, 30,000 Turkish enemy lay strewn dead on the ground and in 1485 the Holy Roman Emperor's capital (Vienna) captured in 1485.
A multitude of Turkish fortresses were besieged and sacked in the Balkans, and Ottoman territories where terrorized, the Sultan and the Holy Roman Emperor were quick to sue for peace, they couldn't contend against Hungary's all-standing professional Black Army. Hungary reached it zenieth in 1490. Somebody poisoned the greatest King of Hungary in Vienna (Corvinus made Vienna his capital after Buda) 1490, he was only 47
!! Imagine how he could have turned the tables on Islam and the Ottomans had he lived into his 80s!
Corvinus conquered one third of the Holy Roman Empire and one quarter of the Balkans; he was simply years away from grasping the election like another Hungarian King Sigismund, who was both Holy Roman Emperor (King of the Romans) and King of Hungary.
King of Hungary (1387-1437) for 50 years, Emperor of the Romans (Holy Roman Emperor), King of Bohemia, Italy, Dalmatia and Croatia, Sigismund
Hungary had a Holy Roman Emperor once, and a King of Hungary for a 50 year reign. The Emperor of vast dominions and power wanted to be buried in Hungary and Transylvania - he was a Westerner from the House of Luxembourg. Emperor Sigismund wanted to be well remembered by the Magyars, he so loved the Hungarians, His bones are buried in Transylvania.
Getting back to a battle that could have been, Emperor Corvinus aged 84 in 1526. Ahn .. what a dream titanic and epic European battle that would have been, Holy Roman Emperor Corvinus versus Caliphe Sulieman the Magnificent, it would have changed the course of History. The scope and magnitude would have been as if Charlemagne and Saladin did battle on the central European theatre.
At the Battle of Mohacs (1526), the noble gallant Hungarians could have won with that small strong Christian host pitted in battle against 100,000 Turks, only their Christian inhibition got in the way.